Electric winches are mechanical devices that lift, pull, or position heavy loads on a flat surface or slight incline. A winch uses direct current from the electrical system of the vehicle to which it is mounted. In a towing scenario, you can hook an electric winch to the front or rear bumper. Other areas of usage include telecommunication, power, and landscaping.
How Does an Electric Winch Function?
An electric winch has seven essential parts: the motor, wire rope/cable, internal brake, gearbox, solenoid, drum, and free spool clutch. The round drum allows the rope or cable to spool around it as the object moves closer to the winch. An object placed further requires more room on the drum. Normally, a rope occupies more space than a cable. Meanwhile, the motor powers up the motion of the drum. The amount of power needed depends on the weight of the vehicle.
The drum turns courtesy of resistance created by opposing magnetic forces on either end. In most winches, you can adjust the power depending on the load. However, you must not apply excess power or speed to avoid the chance of failure that may result in personal injuries and damage to the vehicle. Gears assist in pulling a heavier object with their turning mechanism. A small gear turns a large one in the spur gear configuration. The size of the largest gear dictates the maximum load you can pull.
Can You Switch from Electrical to Manual Winching?
Yes. You may attach a winch handle to an unloaded winch. This will disconnect the electric motor automatically so you can apply the first and second-speed settings as in a manual winch. Switching to manual mode proved helpful if the vehicle or object to be pulled loses electrical power. The winch handle stops turning as soon as power is restored.
What Type of Winch Line Do I Need?
Your choice of the rope depends on the application, utilization, and environmental conditions. The application refers to the machine that needs winching and whether it is lifting or pulling action. The utilization determines whether the work is intense, timely, with impact, or with no impact. Choose steel wire for abrasive terrain as it can resist fraying. Use synthetic rope if the vehicle is sensitive to weight.
Can a Winch Double as a Hoist?
It is not advisable to replace a hoist with an electric winch. Generally, it is unsafe to lift loads using a winch because that is not its primary purpose. There’s a high chance the load could drop. The greatest disparity between hoists and winches is in the braking system. Some winches have dynamic brakes that utilize gears for resistance. This makes them unstable for suspending and lifting heavy loads. Should the gears fail, the load will slip.
On the other side, hoists use mechanical braking. The brake locks a suspended load and prevents bleeding of the line. Since a hoist doesn’t have a spool mechanism, it is the safest device for lifting heavyweight.
How are Electric Winches Rated?
When it comes to choosing an electric winch, you’ll be faced with a lot of options. The devices are rated according to:
* Line Speed: The rate at which the cable winds around the drum at different loads. It is denoted in feet per minute
* Line Pull: The maximum weight the winch can pull until it stalls
* Amp Draw: The amount of electric power the winch uses depending on how hard it’s pulling a load
At Super Power Winch, you’ll discover productive winching products. You can count on our electric winches for quality, safety, and efficiency. If you are interested in electric winches, check out our featured products on our website. Give us a call or email us now, even if you are not sure where to start.